is a topic becoming ever more important as Muslims try to not only present the Qur'an as not conflicting with modern science, but make the much stronger claim that the Qur'an is predicting modern scientific discoveries. This is used by many Muslims as a major proof for the divine origin of the Qur'an.
The next step is to call on all who hear it to become Muslims on this basis.
Since we do not believe the Qur'an to be from God, we are called upon to answer these claims and will soon present a very thorough investigation into the various details of this topic.
Until the larger database of articles is prepared have a look at the links and articles in the section Qur'an, Islam and Science.
However, in the section Rebuttal to "It is the truth" we already have a systematic response to all the material of the main Islamic site propagating this approach.
The whole argument is fallacious: Can "Modern Science" be found in the Qur'an?
Science and Islam explains why Islam and Science are not getting along very well.
The main issue propagated by Muslims seem to be the claims on embryology, therefore in the following an updated discussion:
Embryology and the Qur'an
The Structure of the Universe
Science and the Hadith (Muhammad's own understanding ...)
History, Archaeology, ...
Articles on other sites evaluating the claims regarding Qur'an and Science:
Did Islam rescue science?
Besides the claims of miraculous scientific revelation in Islamic texts, there is the claim that the West lost all the science of antiquity and it was rescued by Islamic scholars and relearned from them. There are glowing claims and theories about Islam's contribution to science in the Medieval Age. However, these theories are more and more challenged in academia:
Answering Islam Home Page